FOOD ADDITIVES : 50 food additives should be avoided

 

WASPADAI 50 JENIS ZAT PEWARNA DAN ZAT ADITIF DALAM MAKANAN ANAK ANDA


COLOUR
Artificial colours Allura red AC 129
Amaranth 123
Azorubine, carmoisine 122
Brilliant Black BN 151
Brilliant Blue FCF133
Brown HT, chocolate brown 155
Erythrosine 127
Green S, food green, acid brilliant green 142
Indigotine, indigo carmine 132
Ponceau, brilliant scarlet 4R 124
Quinoline yellow 104
Red 2G 128 *
Sunset yellow FCF 110
Tartrazine 102
Yellow 2G 107 Natural colour Annatto, bixin, norbixin 160b

PRESERVATIVES
Sorbic acids Calcium sorbate 203
Potassium sorbate 202
Sodium sorbate 201
Sorbic acid 200 Benzoic acids Benzoic acid 210
Calcium benzoate 213
Potassium benzoate 212
Sodium benzoate 211
Sulphites
(sulfites) Calcium hydrogen sulphite 227*
Calcium sulphite 226*
Potassium bisulphite 228
Potassium metabisulphite 224
Potassium sulphite 225
Sodium bisulphite 222
Sodium metabisulphite 223
Sodium sulphite 221
Sulphur dioxide 220 Antioxidants Butylated hydoxyanisole (BHA) 320
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) 321
Dodecyl gallate 312
Octyl gallate 311
Propyl gallate 310
tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) 319
Propionic acids Calcium propionate 282
Potassium propionate 283
Propionic acid 280
Sodium propionate 281 Nitrates & nitrites Potassium nitrate 252
Potassium nitrite 249
Sodium nitrate 251
Sodium nitrite 250

FLAVOUR ENHANCERS AND ADDED FLAVOURS
Glutamates Calcium dihydrogen diLglutamate 623
Disodium guanylate 627
Disodium inosinate 631
L-Glutamic acid 620
Hydrolysed vegetable protein, vegetable protein, yeast extract
Magnesium di-L-glutamate 625
Monoammonium L-glutamate 624
Monopotassium glutamate 622
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) 621
Sodium 5′ ribonucleotide 635 Added flavours many
from Clarke, L and others, Dietitians Association of Australia review paper: ‘The dietary management of allergy and food intolerance in adults and children’, Aust J Nutr & Diet (1996) 53:3; Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Allergy Unit, ‘The Simplified Elimination Diet’, available from dietitians; Dengate, S ‘Fed Up’, Random House, 1998; and Swain A and others, ‘Friendly Food’, Murdoch Books, 1991 *Not permitted in Australia
All food additives are listed below by code number and by name
There are about 350 permitted food additives in Australia.
About 50 are likely to cause adverse reactions. They are marked in RED bold. AVOID
Additives in italics are new, untested and should be avoided.
Other additives are unlikely to cause reactions. This includes anti-caking agents, bleaches, emulsifiers, mineral salts, propellants, food acids, sweeteners, thickening agents, vegetable gums and vitamins.

Food additives by code number

Colours
100 Turmeric or curcumin, yellow
101 Riboflavin, lactoflavin, vitamin B2, yellow, failsafe
102 Tartrazine, yellow #5 AVOID
103 Alkanet, pink
Alkanet is so new it hasn’t been tested for behavioural and learning toxicity. It is a natural colour derived from a plant. As with annatto, this is no guarantee of safety.
104 Quinoline yellow AVOID
107 Yellow 2G AVOID
110 Sunset yellow AVOID
120 Cochineal or carmines, red

Cochineal, from the body of a South American insect, is moderate in terms of food intolerance reactions, but severe allergic reactions have been reported, especially in dye workers.
122 Azorubine, carmoisine AVOID
123 Amaranth AVOID
124 Ponceau 4R, brilliant scarlet AVOID
127 Erythrosine AVOID
128 Red 2G AVOID
129 Allura red AVOID
132 Indigotine, indigo carmine AVOID
133 Brilliant blue AVOID
140 Chlorophyll
141 Chlorophyll-copper
142 Food green S, acid brilliant green AVOID
150 Caramel (see comment)
In the US – and possibly in Europe – caramel 150 may be divided into caramels 150 (sulphite ammonia caramel), 150a (plain or spirit caramel), 150b (caustic sulphite caramel) and 150c (ammonia caramel). Plain caramel is considered failsafe. There is a report of sulphite ammonia caramel used widely in soft drinks like cola causing problems for the extra sulphite sensitive.
151 Brilliant black BN AVOID
153 Carbon black, vegetable carbon
155 Brown HT, chocolate brown AVOID
160a Beta-carotene (failsafe)
160 Carotene (others) – see listed below
160b Annatto extracts, bixin, norbixin AVOID
160e beta-apo-8′ carotenal (new)
160f E-apo-8′ carotenoic acid (new)
160e and 160f are too new to have been tested for behavioural toxicity. They might be safe like betacarotene (160a) or harmful like annatto (160b).
161 Xanthophylls, yellow (see comment)
161g canthaxanthin (new, see comment)
161I citranaxanthin (new, see comment)
Beta apo 8’carotenal (160e), canthaxanthin (161g) and citranaxanthin (161i) are used in poultry feed to deepen the colour of egg yolks. We have received a few reports of reactions. Canthaxanthin taken in large quantities in tanning tablets has been associated retinal damage. It is used as a food colour, in poultry feed and fed to farmed salmon and trout to colour their flesh. See sample colours in eggs at http://www.iceland.co.uk/Ext_11/web/Market.nsf/(WebSearch)/CusEggs/
162 Beet red
Beet red may contain sodium nitrate (preservative 251) up to 25 mg/kg.
163 Anthocyanins, red, blue, violet (from plants)
Colours made from plants are moderate in salicylates (eg anthocyanins, beet red, turmeric, tannins) except for beta-carotene (160a) which is low.
170 Calcium carbonate, white (failsafe)
171 Titanium dioxide, white (failsafe)
172 Iron oxide – red, black, yellow (failsafe)
174 Silver
181 Tannic acid, brown
Preservatives – sorbates
200 Sorbic acid AVOID
201 Sodium sorbate AVOID
202 Potassium sorbate AVOID
203 Calcium sorbate AVOID
Preservatives – benzoates
210 Benzoic acid AVOID
211 Sodium benzoate AVOID
212 Potassium benzoate AVOID
213 Calcium benzoate AVOID
Sorbates and benzoates have been associated with the full range of food intolerance reactions.
216 Propylparaben
218 Methylparaben
Preservatives 216 and 218 are only permitted in food colours in Australia.
Preservatives – sulphites (aka sulfites)
220 Sulphur dioxide AVOID
221 Sodium sulphite AVOID
222 Sodium bisulphite AVOID
223 Sodium metabisulphite AVOID
224 Potassium metabisulphite AVOID
225 Potassium sulphite AVOID
228 Potassium bisulphite AVOID
Sulphites (above) are the biggies for asthmatics. Not to be confused with sulphates (514-519). Also known as sulfites.
234 Nisin
235 Natamycin
242 Dimethyl dicarbonate (new, untested)
Preservatives – nitrates and nitrites (also colour fixatives)
249 Potassium nitrite AVOID
250 Sodium nitrite AVOID
251 Sodium nitrate AVOID
252 Potassium nitrate AVOID
Unlike many food additives, nitrates and nitrites are necessary. Used in processed meats, they prevent bacterial growth and food poisoning, but they are not failsafe.
Food acids
260 Acetic acid
261 Potassium acetate
262 Sodium diacetate
262 Sodium acetate
263 Sodium acetate
264 Ammonium acetate
270 Lactic acid
Preservatives – propionates
280 Propionic acid AVOID
281 Sodium propionate AVOID
282 Calcium propionate AVOID
283 Potassium propionate AVOID
Widespread use in bread in Australia and the US, propionates are rarely used in Europe. Recently permitted also in cheese, fruit and vegetable products in Australia.
290 Carbon dioxide (propellant)
296 Malic acid (food acid)
297 Fumaric acid (food acid)
Antioxidants
300 Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
301 Sodium ascorbate
302 Calcium ascorbate
303 Potassium ascorbate
304 Ascorbyl palmitate
306 Mixed tocopherols (vitamin E)
307 dl-a-Tocopherol
308 g-Tocopherol
309 d-Tocopherol
310 Propyl gallate AVOID
311 Octyl gallate AVOID
312 Dodecyl gallate AVOID
315 Erythorbic acid
316 Sodium erythorbate
319 tert-Butylhydroquinone, tBHQ AVOID
320 Butylated hydroxyanisole, BHA AVOID
321 Butylated hydroxytoluene, BHT AVOID
322 Lecithin (also an emulsifier)
Gallates and TBHQ, BHA and BHT are used to preserve vegetable oils and margarines. When vegetable oils are used in other products, these antioxidants are often unlisted because of the 5% labelling loophole. BHA and BHT can also leach into products from cereal wrappers and clingfilm. Antioxidants 300-309 are safe alternatives.
More food acids
325 Sodium lactate
326 Potassium lactate
327 Calcium lactate
328 Ammonium lactate
329 Magnesium lactate
330 Citric acid
331 Sodium dihydrogen citrate
331 Sodium citrate
331 Sodium acid citrate
332 Potassium citrates
333 Calcium citrate
334 Tartaric acid
335 Sodium tartrate
336 Potassium tartrate
336 Potassium acid tartrate
337 Potassium sodium tartrate
338 Phosphoric acid
Food acids are safe for most people. Most failsafers can manage citric acid (330), a few react.
Mineral salts
339 Sodium phosphates
340 Potassium phosphates
341 Calcium phosphates
342 Ammonium phosphates
343 Magnesium phosphates
More food acids
349 Ammonium malate
350 DL-Sodium malates
351 Potassium malate
352 DL-Calcium malate
353 Metatartaric acid
354 Calcium tartrate
355 Adipic acid
357 Potassium adipate
365 Sodium fumarate
366 Potassium fumarate
367 Potassium fumarate
368 Ammonium fumarate
375 Nicotinic acid, niacin (B vitamin)
380 Triammonium citrate
380 Ammonium citrate
381 Ferric ammonium citrate
385 Calcium disodium EDTA
Vegetables gums and thickeners
400 Alginic acid
401 Sodium alginate
402 Potassium alginate
403 Ammonium alginate
404 Calcium alginate
405 Propylene glycol alginate
406 Agar agar, isinglass
407 Carrageenan
Vegetable gums are failsafe. Guar and xanthan are used extensively by coeliacs. Carrageenan (407) used in yoghurts, icecreams and others has been linked to cancer and is not recommended in large quantities for young children.
407a Processed eucheuma seaweed
409 Arabinogalactan
410 Locust bean gum
412 Guar gum
413 Tragacanth
414 Acacia
415 Xanthan gum
416 Karaya gum
418 Gellan gum
Humectants
420 Sorbitol
421 Mannitol
422 Glycerin (glycerol)
Humectants keep food moist. These additives are also used as sweeteners. The first two are not permitted in foods for babies and young children. Glycerin is used as a humectant in marshmallows and other sweets. All can cause nausea or diarrhea in large amounts or sensitive people.
Emusifiers
433 Polysorbate 80
435 Polysorbate 60
436 Polysorbate 65
440 Pectin (also a vegetable gum)
442 Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid
444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate
More mineral salts
450 Sodium pyrophosphate
450 Sodium acid pyrophosphate
450 Potassium pyrophosphate
451 Sodium tripolyphosphate
451 Potassium tripolyphosphate
452 Sodium polyphosphates, glassy
452 Sodium metaphosphate, insoluble
452 Potassium polymetaphosphate
460 Cellulose microcrystalline and powdered (anti-caking agent)
Thickeners, vegetable gums
461 Methylcellulose
464 Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
465 Methyl ethyl cellulose
466 Sodium carboxymethylcellulose
Emulsifiers
470 Magnesium stearate (emulsifier, stabiliser)
471 Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids
472a Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472b Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472c Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472d Tartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472e Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol
473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids
475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
476 Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid
477 Propylene glycol mono- and di-esters
480 Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate
481 Sodium stearoyl (or oleyl) lactylate
482 Calcium stearoyl (or oleyl) lactylate
491 Sorbitan monostearate
492 Sorbitan tristearate
Mineral salts
500 Sodium carbonate
500 Sodium bicarbonate
501 Potassium carbonates
503 Ammonium carbonate
503 Ammonium bicarbonate
504 Magnesium carbonate (anti-caking agent, mineral salt)
507 Hydrochloric acid (acidity regulator)
508 Potassium chloride
509 Calcium chloride
510 Ammonium chloride
511 Magnesium chloride
512 Stannous chloride (colour retention agent)
514 Sodium sulphate (mineral salt)
515 Potassium sulphate (mineral salt)
516 Calcium sulphate (flour treatment agent, mineral salt)
518 Magnesium sulphate (mineral salt)
519 Cupric sulphate (mineral salt)
526 Calcium hydroxide (mineral salt)
529 Calcium oxide (mineral salt)
535 Sodium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent)
536 Potassium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent)
541 Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidic (acidity regulator, emulsifier)
542 Bone phosphate (anti-caking agent)
551 Silicon dioxide (anti-caking agent)
552 Calcium silicate (anti-caking agent)
553 Talc (anti-caking agent)
554 Sodium aluminosilicate (anti-caking agent)
556 Calcium aluminium silicate (anti-caking agent)
558 Bentonite (anti-caking agent)
559 Kaolin (anti-caking agent)
570 Stearic acid (anti-caking agent)
575 Gluconod-lactone (acidity regulator)
577 Potassium gluconate (stabiliser)
578 Calcium gluconate (acidity regulator)
579 Ferrous gluconate (colour retention agent)
Flavour enhancers
620 L-Glutamic acid AVOID
621 Monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) AVOID
622 Monopotassium L-glutamate AVOID
623 Calcium di-L-glutamate AVOID
624 Monoammonium L-glutamate AVOID
625 Magnesium di-L-glutamate AVOID
627 Disodium guanylate AVOID
631 Disodium inosinate AVOID
635 Disodium 5′-ribonucleotides AVOID
The adverse effects of MSG (621) are well documented. We have also received many reports of skin rashes associated with new additive 635 which is a combination of 627 and 631. Yeast extract, hydrolysed vegetable protein (HVP) and hydrolysed plant protein (HPP) are ways that manufacturers include MSG without having to declare it on the label.
636 Maltol
637 Ethyl maltol
640 Glycine
641 L-Leucine
Miscellaneous additives
900 Dimethylpolysiloxane (emulsifier, antifoaming agent, anti- caking agent)
901 Beeswax, white and yellow (glazing agent)
903 Carnauba wax (glazing agent)
904 Shellac, bleached (glazing agent)
905a Mineral oil, white (glazing agent)
905b Petrolatum (glazing agent)
914 Oxidised polyethylene (Humectant)
920 L-Cysteine monohydrochloride (flour treatment agent)
925 Chlorine (flour treatment agent)
926 Chlorine dioxide (flour treatment agent)
928 Benzoyl peroxide (flour treatment agent)
941 Nitrogen (propellant)
942 Nitrous oxide (propellant)
Artificial sweeteners
950 Acesulphame potassium (artificial sweetening substance)
951 Aspartame (Nutrasweet, Equal) (artificial sweetening substance) AVOID
The safety of aspartame with regard to brain tumours and others is not proven. Aspartame in diet”, “lite” and “no added sugar” products may increase appetite thus failing to assist weight loss. There are reports of addiction. Not recommended. Sugar is a natural alternative. Artificial sweeteners in general are unnecessary, artificial and not recommended.
952 Sodium cyclamate (artificial sweetening substance)
952 Cyclamic acid (artificial sweetening substance)
952 Calcium cyclamate (artificial sweetening substance)
953 Isomalt (humectant)
954 Sodium saccharin (artificial sweetening substance)
954 Saccharin (artificial sweetening substance)
954 Calcium saccharin (artificial sweetening substance)
955 Sucralose (artificial sweetening substance)
956 Alitame (artificial sweetening substance)
957 Thaumatin (flavour enhancer, artificial sweetening substance)
965 Maltitol and maltitol syrup (humectant, stabiliser)
966 Lactitol (humectant)
967 Xylitol (humectant, stabiliser)
1001 Choline salts and esters (emulsifier)
1100 Amylases (flour treatment agent)
1101 Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin) (flour treatment agent, stabiliser, flavour enhancer)
1102 Glucose oxidase (antioxidant)
1104 Lipases (flavour enchancer)
1105 Lysozyme (preservative)
1200 Polydextrose (Humectant)
1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone (stabiliser, clarifying agent, dispersing agent)
1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (colour stabiliser)
Thickeners, vegetable gums
1400 Dextrin roasted starch
1401 Acid treated starch
1402 Alkaline treated starch
1403 Bleached starch
1404 Oxidised starch
1405 Enzyme-treated starches
1410 Monostarch phosphate
1412 Distarch phosphate
1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate
1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate
1420 Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride
1421 Starch acetate esterified with vinyl acetate
1422 Acetylated distarch adipate
1440 Hydroxypropyl starch
1442 Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate
1450 Starch sodium octenylsuccinate
1505 Triethyl citrate
1518 Triacetin (humectant)
1520 Propylene glycol (humectant)
1521 Polyethylene glycol 8000 (antifoaming agent)

Food additives by name
Avoid additives in RED bold. Additives in italics are new and untested, avoid those also.
Name Code Number
Acacia (thickener, vegetable gum) 414
Acesulphame potassium (artificial sweetener) 950
Acetic acid, glacial (food acid) 260
Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier) 472a
Acetylated distarch adipate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1422
Acetylated distarch phosphate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1414
Acid treated starch (thickener, vegetable gum) 1401
Activated vegetable carbon (colouring) 153
Adipic acid (food acid) 355
Agar (thickener, vegetable gum) 406
Alginic acid (thickener, vegetable gum) 400
Alitame (artificial sweetening substance) 956
Alkaline treated starch (thickener, vegetable gum) 1402
Alkanet (colouring) 103
Allura red AC (CI 16035) (colouring) 129 AVOID
Amaranth (colouring) 123 AVOID
Ammonium acetate (food acid) 264
Ammonium alginate (thickener, vegetable gum) 403
Ammonium bicarbonate (mineral salt) 503
Ammonium carbonate (mineral salt) 503
Ammonium chloride (mineral salt) 510
Ammonium citrate (food acid) 380
Ammonium fumarate (food acid) 368
Ammonium lactate (food acid) 328
Ammonium malate (food acid) 349
Ammonium phosphates (mineral salt) 342
Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid (emulsifier) 442
Amylases (flour treatment agent) 1100
Annatto extracts, bixin, norbixin (colouring) 160b AVOID
Anthocyanins (colouring) 163
Arabinogalactan (thickener, vegetable gum) 409
Ascorbic acid (antioxidant) 300
Ascorbyl palmitate (antioxidant) 304
Aspartame (Nutrasweet, Equal) (artificial sweetening substance) 951 AVOID
Azorubine, carmoisine (colouring) 122 AVOID
Beeswax, white and yellow (glazing agent) 901
Beet red (colouring) 162
Bentonite (anti-caking agent) 558
Benzoic acid (preservative) 210 AVOID
Benzoyl peroxide (flour treatment agent) 928
Bleached starch (thickener, vegetable gum) 1403
Bone phosphate (anti-caking agent) 542
Brilliant black BN (colouring) 151 AVOID
Brilliant blue FCF (colouring) 133 AVOID
Brown HT, chocolate brown (colouring) 155 AVOID
Butylated hydroxyanisole (antioxidant) 320 AVOID
Butylated hydroxytoluene (antioxidant) 321 AVOID
tert-Butylhydroquinone (antioxidant) 319 AVOID
Calcium acetate (food acid) 263
Calcium alginate (thickener, vegetable gum) 404
Calcium aluminium silicate (anti-caking agent) 556
Calcium ascorbate (antioxidant) 302
Calcium benzoate (preservative) 213 AVOID
Calcium carbonate (mineral salt, colouring) 170
Calcium chloride (mineral salt) 509
Calcium citrate (food acid) 333
Calcium cyclamate (artificial sweetening substance) 952
Calcium disodium EDTA (preservative) 385
Calcium fumarate (food acid) 367
Calcium hydroxide (mineral salt) 526
Calcium gluconate (acidity regulator) 578
Calcium di-L-glutamate (flavour enhancer) 623 AVOID
Calcium lactate (food acid) 327
DL-Calcium malate (food acid) 352
Calcium oleyl lactylate (emulsifier) 482
Calcium oxide (mineral salt) 529
Calcium phosphates (mineral salt) 341
Calcium propionate (preservative) 282 AVOID
Calcium saccharin (artificial sweetening substance) 954
Calcium silicate (anti-caking agent) 552
Calcium sorbate (preservative) 203 AVOID
Calcium stearoyl lactylate (emulsifier) 482
Calcium sulphate (flour treatment agent, mineral salt) 516
Calcium tartrate (food acid) 354
Caramel (colouring) 150
Carbon blacks (colouring) 153
Carbon dioxide (propellant) 290
Carmines (colouring) 120
Carnauba wax (glazing agent) 903
b-apo-8′ Carotenal (colouring) 160e
b-Carotene (colouring) 160a
Carotene, others (colouring) 160
b-apo-8′ Carotenoic acid methyl or ethyl ester (colouring) 160f
Carrageenan (thickener, vegetable gum) 407
Cellulose microcrystalline and powdered (anti-caking agent) 460
Chlorine (flour treatment agent) 925
Chlorine dioxide (flour treatment agency) 926
Chlorophyll (colouring) 140
Chlorophyll-copper complex (colouring) 141
Choline salts and esters (emulsifier) 1001
Citric acid (food acid) 330
Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier) 472c
Cochineal (CI 75470) (colouring) 120
Cupric sulphate (mineral salt) 519
Curcumin (colouring) 100
Cyclamic acid (artificial sweetening substance) 952
L-Cysteine monohydrochloride (flour treatment agent) 920
Dextrin roasted starch (thickener, vegetable gum) 1400
Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier) 472e
Dimethyl dicarbonate (preservative) 242
Dimethylpolysiloxane (emulsifier, antifoaming agent, anti-caking agent) 900
Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate (emulsifier) 480
Disodium guanylate (flavour enhancer) 627 AVOID
Disodium inosinate (flavour enhancer) 631 AVOID
Disodium 5′!-ribonucleotides (flavour enhancer) 635 AVOID
Distarch phosphate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1412
Dodecyl gallate (antioxidant) 312
Enzyme-treated starches (thickener, vegetable gum) 1405
Erythorbic acid (antioxidant) 315
Erythrosine (colouring) 127 AVOID
Ethyl maltol (flavour enhancer) 637
Ferric ammonium citrate (food acid) 381
Ferrous gluconate (colour retention agent) 579
Food green S, acid brilliant green (colouring) 142 AVOID
Fumaric acid (food acid) 297
Gellan gum (thickener, vegetable gum) 418
Glucono G-lactone (acidity regulator) 575
Glucose oxidase (antioxidant) 1102
L-Glutamic acid (flavour enhancer) 620 AVOID
Glycerin (humectant) 422
Glycine (flavour enhancer) 640
Guar gum (thickener, vegetable gum) 412
Hydrochloric acid (acidity regulator) 507
Hydrolysed vegetable protein (HVP), hydrolysed plant protein (HPP), yeast extract contain MSG AVOID
Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1442
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (thickener, vegetable gum) 464
Hydroxypropyl starch (thickener, vegetable gum) 1440
Indigotine, indigo carmine (colouring) 132 AVOID
Iron oxide (black, red, yellow) (colouring) 172
Isomalt (humectant) 953
Karaya gum (thickener, vegetable gum) 416
Kaolin (anti-caking agent) 559
Lactic acid (food acid) 270
Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier) 472b
Lactitol (humectant) 966
Lecithin (antioxidant, emulsifier) 322
L-Leucine (flavour enhancer) 641
Lipases (flavour enchancer) 1104
Locust bean gum (thickener, vegetable gum) 410
Lysozyme (preservative) 1105
Magnesium carbonate (anti-caking agent, mineral salt) 504
Magnesium chloride (mineral salt) 511
Magnesium di-L-glutamate (flavour enhancer) 625 AVOID
Magnesium lactate (food acid) 329
Magnesium phosphates (mineral salt) 343
Magnesium stearate (emulsifier, stabiliser) 470
Magnesium sulphate (mineral salt) 518
Malic acid (food acid) 296
Maltitol and maltitol syrup (humectant, stabiliser) 965
Maltol (flavour enhancer) 636
Mannitol (humectant) 421
Metatartaric acid (food acid) 353
Methyl ethyl cellulose (thickener, vegetable gum) 465
Methylcellulose (thickener, vegetable gum) 461
Methylparaben (preservative) 218
Mineral oil, white (glazing agent) 905a
Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids (emulsifier) 471
Monoammonium L-glutamate (flavour enhancer) 624 AVOID
Monopotassium L-glutamate (flavour enhancer) 622 AVOID
Monosodium L-glutamate MSG (also in hydrolysed vegetable protein HVP) (flavour enhancer) 621 AVOID
Monostarch phosphate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1410
Natamycin (preservative) 235
Niacin (colour retention agent) 375
Nisin (preservative) 234
Nitrogen (propellant) 941
Nitrous oxide (propellant) 942
Octyl gallate (antioxidant) 311 AVOID
Oxidised polyethylene (Humectant) 914
Oxidised starch (thickener, vegetable gum) 1404
Pectin (vegetable gum) 440
Petrolatum (glazing agent) 905b
Phosphated distarch phosphate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1413
Phosphoric acid (food acid) 338
Polydextrose (Humectant) 1200
Polyethylene glycol 8000 (antifoaming agent) 1521
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids (emulsifier) 475
Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid (emulsifier) 476
Polysorbate 60 (emulsifier) 435
Polysorbate 65 (emulsifier) 436
Polysorbate 80 (emulsifier) 433
Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (colour stabiliser) 1202
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (stabiliser, clarifying agent, dispersing agent) 1201
Ponceau 4R, brilliant scarlet (colouring) 124 AVOID
Potassium acetate (food acid) 261
Potassium acid tartrate (food acid) 336
Potassium adipate (food acid) 357
Potassium alginate (thickener, vegetable gum) 402
Potassium ascorbate (antioxidant) 303
Potassium benzoate (preservative) 212 AVOID
Potassium bisulphite (preservative) 228 AVOID
Potassium carbonates (mineral salt) 501
Potassium chloride (mineral salt) 508
Potassium citrates (food acid) 332
Potassium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent) 536
Potassium fumarate (food acid) 366
Potassium gluconate (stabiliser) 577
Potassium lactate (food acid) 326
Potassium malate (food acid) 351
Potassium metabisulphite (preservative) 224 AVOID
Potassium nitrate (preservative, colour fixative) 252 AVOID
Potassium nitrite (preservative, colour fixative) 249 AVOID
Potassium phosphates (mineral salt) 340
Potassium polymetaphosphate (mineral salts) 452
Potassium propionate (preservative) 283 AVOID
Potassium pyrophosphate (mineral salts) 450
Potassium sodium tartrate (food acid) 337
Potassium sorbate (preservative) 202 AVOID
Potassium sulphate (mineral salt) 515
Potassium sulphite (preservative) 225 AVOID
Potassium tartrate (food acid) 336
Potassium tripolyphosphate (mineral salt) 451
Processed eucheuma seaweed (thickener, vegetable gum) 407a
Propionic acid (preservative) 280 AVOID
Propyl gallate (antioxidant) 310 AVOID
Propylene glycol (humectant) 1520
Propylene glycol alginate (thickener, vegetable gum) 405
Propylene glycol mono- and di-esters (emulsifier) 477
Propylparaben (preservative) 216
Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin) (flour treatment agent, stabiliser, flavour enhancer) 1101
Quinoline yellow (CI 47005) (colouring) 104 AVOID
Red 2G (colouring) 128 AVOID
Riboflavin (colouring) 101
Riboflavin 5′!-phosphate sodium (colouring) 101
Saccharin (artificial sweetening substance) 954
Shellac, bleached (glazing agent) 904
Silicon dioxide (anti-caking agent) 551
Silver (colouring) 174
Sodium acetate (food acid) 262
Sodium acid citrate (food acid) 331
Sodium acid pyrophosphate (mineral salt) 450
Sodium alginate (thickener, vegetable gum) 401
Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidic (acidity regulator, emulsifier) 541
Sodium aluminosilicate (anti-caking agent) 554
Sodium ascorbate (antioxidant) 301
Sodium benzoate (Preservative) 211 AVOID
Sodium bicarbonate (mineral salt) 500
Sodium bisulphite (preservative) 222 AVOID
Sodium carbonate (mineral salt) 500
Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (thickener, vegetable gum) 466
Sodium citrate (food acid) 331
Sodium cyclamate (artificial sweetening substance) 952
Sodium diacetate (food acid) 262
Sodium dihydrogen citrate (food acid) 331
Sodium erythorbate (antioxidant) 316
Sodium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent) 535
Sodium fumarate (food acid) 365
DL-Sodium malates (food acid) 350
Sodium lactate (food acid) 325
Sodium metabisulphite (preservative) 223 AVOID
Sodium metaphosphate, insoluble (mineral salt) 452
Sodium nitrate (preservative, colour fixative) 251 AVOID
Sodium nitrite (preservative, colour fixative) 250 AVOID
Sodium phosphates (mineral salt) 339
Sodium polyphosphates, glassy (mineral salt) 452
Sodium propionate (preservative) 281 AVOID
Sodium pyrophosphate (mineral salt) 450
Sodium saccharin (artificial sweetening substance) 954
Sodium sorbate (preservative) 201 AVOID
Sodium stearoyl lactylate (emulsifier) 481
Sodium sulphate (mineral salt) 514
Sodium sulphite (preservative) 221 AVOID
Sodium tartrate (food acid) 335
Sodium tripolyphosphate (mineral salt) 451
Sorbic acid (preservative) 200 AVOID
Sorbitan monostearate (emulsifier) 491
Sorbitan tristearate (emulsifier) 492
Sorbitol (humectant) 420
Stannous chloride (colour retention agent) 512
Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride (thickener, vegetable gum) 1420
Starch acetate esterified with vinyl acetate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1421
Starch sodium octenylsuccinate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1450
Stearic acid (anti-caking agent) 570
Sucralose (artificial sweetening substance) 955
Sucrose acetate isobutyrate (emulsifier, stabiliser) 444
Sucrose esters of fatty acids (emulsifier) 473
Sulphur dioxide (preservative) 220 AVOID
Sunset yellow FCF (colouring) 110 AVOID
Talc (anti-caking agent) 553
Tannic acid (colouring) 181
Tartaric acid (food acid) 334
Tartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier) 472d
Tartrazine (colouring) 102 AVOID
Thaumatin (flavour enhancer, artificial sweetening substance) 957
Titanium dioxide (colouring) 171
dl-a-Tocopherol (antioxidant) 307
d-Tocopherol (antioxidant) 309
g-Tocopherol (antioxidant) 308
Tocopherols concentrate, mixed (antioxidant) 306
Tragacanth (thickener, vegetable gum) 413
Triacetin (humectant) 1518
Triammonium citrate (food acid) 380
Triethyl citrate (thickener, vegetable gum) 1505
Turmeric (colouring) 100
Xanthan gum (thickener, vegetable gum) 415
Xylitol (humectant, stabiliser) 967
Xanthophylls (colouring) 161
Yellow 2G (colouring) 107 AVOID

 

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