COMPARISON OF HUMAN MILK AND FORMULA

NUTRIENT FACTOR BREAST MILK CONTAINS FORMULA CONTAINS COMMENT
Fats
  • Rich in brain-building omega 3s, namely DHA and AA
    -Automatically adjusts to infant’s needs; levels decline as baby gets older
    -Rich in cholesterol
    -Nearly completely absorbed
    -Contains fat-digesting enzyme, lipase
  • -No DHA
    -Doesn’t adjust to infant’s needs
    -No cholesterol
    -Not completely absorbed
    -No lipase
    Fat is the most important nutrient in breastmilk; the absence of cholesterol and DHA, vital nutrients for growing brains and bodies, may predispose a child to adult heart and central nervous system diseases. Leftover, unabsorbed fat accounts for unpleasant smelling stools in formula-fed babies.
    Protein -Soft, easily-digestible whey
    -More completely absorbed; higher in the milk of mothers who deliver preterm
    -Lactoferrin for intestinal health
    -Lysozyme, an antimicrobial
    -Rich in brain-and-body- building protein components
    -Rich in growth factors
    -Contains sleep-inducing proteins
    -Harder-to-digest casein curds
    -Not completely absorbed, more waste, harder on kidneys
    -No lactoferrin, or only a trace
    -No lysozyme
    -Deficient or low in some brain-and body-building proteins
    -Deficient in growth factors
    -Does not contain as many sleep-inducing proteins.
    Infants aren’t allergic to human milk protein.
    Carbohdrates -Rich in lactose
    -Rich in oligosaccharides, which promote intestinal health
    -No lactose in some formulas
    -Deficient in oligosaccharides
    Lactose is considered an important carbohydrate for brain development. Studies show the level of lactose in the milk of a species correlates with the size of the brain of that species.
    Immune Boosters -Rich in living white blood cells, millions per feeding
    -Rich in immunoglobulins
    -No live white blood cells-or any other cells. Dead food has less immunological benefit.
    -Few immunoglobulins and most are the wrong kind
    When mother is exposed to a germ, she makes antibodies to that germ and gives these antibodies to her infant via her milk.
    Vitamins and Minerals -Better absorbed, especially iron, zinc, and calcium
    -Iron is 50 to 75 percent absorbed.
    -Contains more selenium (an antioxidant)
    -Not absorbed as well
    -Iron is 5 to 10 percent absorbed
    -Contains less selenium (an antioxidant)
    Vitamins and minerals in breast milk enjoy a higher bioavailability-that is, a greater percentage is absorbed. To compensate, more is added to formula, which makes it harder to digest.
    Enzymes and Hormones -Rich in digestive enzymes, such as lipase and amylase
    -Rich in many hormones: thyroid, prolactin, oxytocin, and more than fifteen others
    -Varies with mother’s diet
    -Processing kills digestive enzymes
    -Processing kills hormones, which are not human to begin with
    -Always tastes the same
    Digestive enzymes promote intestinal health. Hormones contribute to the overall biochemical balance and well- being of baby.
    By taking on the flavor of mother’s diet, breastmilk shapes the tastes of the child to family foods.
    Cost -Around $600 a year in extra food for mother -Around $1,200 a year
    -Up to $2,500 a year for hypoallergenic formulas
    -Cost for bottles and other supplies
    -Lost income when baby is ill
     

     

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    Clinical and Editor in Chief :

    DR WIDODO JUDARWANTO

    email : judarwanto@gmail.com

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Copyright © 2009, Clinic For Children Information Education Network. All rights reserved.

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