Analisa Komposisi Nutrisi dan Gizi Susu

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Analisa Komposisi Nutrisi dan Gizi Susu

Komposisi susu berbeda di antara spesies. Faktor-faktor seperti jenis protein; proporsi protein, lemak, dan gula; tingkat berbagai vitamin dan mineral; dan ukuran butiran lemak susu, dan kekuatan dadih adalah di antara mereka yang mungkin berbeda

  • ASI mengandung, rata-rata, protein 1,1%, 4,2% lemak, 7,0% laktosa (gula), dan persediaan 72 kkal energi per 100 gram.
  • Susu sapi mengandung, rata-rata, protein 3,4%, 3,6% lemak, dan 4,6% laktosa, 0,7% mineral [77] dan persediaan 66 kkal energi per 100 gram.
  • Keledai dan susu kuda memiliki kandungan lemak paling rendah, sedangkan susu paus mungkin berisi lebih dari 50% lemak.

Analisa Komposisi Susu, per 100 grams

Kandungan Unit Sapi Kambing Domba Kerbau
Air g 87.8 88.9 83.0 81.1
Protein g 3.2 3.1 5.4 4.5
Lemak g 3.9 3.5 6.0 8.0
—-Saturated fatty acids g 2.4 2.3 3.8 4.2
—-Monounsaturated fatty acids g 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.7
—-Polyunsaturated fatty acids g 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2
Karbohydrate (Lactose) g 4.8 4.4 5.1 4.9
Kolesterol mg 14 10 11 8
Kalcium mg 120 100 170 195
Energi Kalori kcal 66 60 95 110
kJ 275 253 396 463

Susu Sapi

Persentase lemak
Susu sapi Persentase
Jersey 5.2
Zebu 4.7
Brown Swiss 4.0
Holstein-Friesian 3.6

Rentang protein untuk keempatturunan itu adalah 3,3% menjadi 3,9%, sedangkan kisaran laktosa 4,7% menjadi 4,9%. Persentase lemak susu dapat dimanipulasi oleh strategi formulasi diet saham peternak sapi perah . Infeksi mastitis dapat menyebabkan kadar lemak menurun. 

Kandungan nutrisi

Susu Sapi
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energi 252 kJ (60 kcal)
Karbohidrates
5.26 g
Sugars

laktose
5.26 g

5.26 g
Lemak
3.25 g
Saturated 1.865 g
Monounsaturated 0.812 g
Polyunsaturated 0.195 g
Protein
3.22 g
Tryptophan 0.075 g
Threonine 0.143 g
Isoleucine 0.165 g
Leucine 0.265 g
Lysine 0.140 g
Methionine 0.075 g
Cystine 0.017 g
Phenylalanine 0.147 g
Tyrosine 0.152 g
Valine 0.192 g
Arginine 0.075 g
Histidine 0.075 g
Alanine 0.103 g
Aspartic acid 0.237 g
Glutamic acid 0.648 g
Glycine 0.075 g
Proline 0.342 g
Serine 0.107 g
Vitamin
Vitamin A equiv.
(6%)

46 μg

Thiamine (B1)
(4%)

0.044 mg

Riboflavin (B2)
(15%)

0.183 mg

Vitamin B12
(19%)

0.45 μg

Choline
(3%)

14.3 mg

Vitamin D
(0%)

2 IU

Trace metals
Calcium
(11%)

113 mg

Magnesium
(3%)

10 mg

Potassium
(3%)

132 mg

Sodium
(3%)

43 mg

Kandungan lainnua
Water 88.32 g

100 mL corresponds to 103 g.
  • Units
  • μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams
  • IU = International units
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Sumber: USDA Nutrient Database

 Susu olahan sapi mengandung jumlah yang berbeda dari lemak selama tahun 1950-an. Satu cangkir (250 ml) susu 2% -fat sapi mengandung 285 mg kalsium, yang merupakan 22% sampai 29% dari asupan harian yang direkomendasikan (IDR) kalsium untuk orang dewasa. Tergantung pada usia, susu mengandung 8 gram protein, dan sejumlah nutrisi lain (baik secara alami atau melalui fortifikasi) termasuk

  • Biotin
  • Iodine
  • Magnesium
  • Pantothenic acid
  • Potassium
  • Riboflavin
  • Selenium
  • Thiamine
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamins D
  • Vitamin K

Jumlah kalsium dari susu yang diserap oleh tubuh manusia diperdebatkanKalsium dari produk susu memiliki bioavailabilitas yang lebih besar daripada kalsium dari sayuran tertentu, seperti bayam, yang mengandung kadar tinggi kalsium agenkelat, tapi bioavailabilitas sama atau lebih rendah daripada kalsium dari rendahoksalat sayuran seperti kangkung, brokoli, atau sayuran lainnya

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